What's a walkover in chess?
How does it affect the result of the game and the rating of the players?
This is an important topic not just for the players but also for the chess arbiters.
Both parties need to know the right way to mark the result.
Players will be putting this result in the scoresheet. At the same time, the arbiters will be entering the result in a chess pairing software.
So in this article, we've created a detailed overview of this topic for both - the chess arbiters and the chess players!
A walkover occurs when a player doesn't show up at the chessboard within the stipulated time after the match has started. As a result, the player who doesn't show up is awarded a loss, while his opponent is automatically declared the winner of that game.
The arbiters decide the stipulated time and announce it before the tournament begins!
Now the stipulated time, also commonly known as grace time or default time, differs for every tournament.
It could be as high as 1 hour (for a classical game).
In others, there could be a zero-tolerance policy too - meaning if a player isn't sitting at the chessboard once the round has started, he's immediately given a loss!
Let's picture 2 players who are paired against each other - John and Ben.
John reaches the tournament venue on time and is sitting on his board to face Ben. Ben, on the other hand, is yet to arrive. The round starts but still, there's no sign of Ben.
As per the tournament rules, the grace time/stipulated time is 20 minutes.
So if Ben doesn't show up 20 minutes after the round starts, he'll be awarded a loss.
But if he reaches before the 20 minutes, the game can continue!
In zero tolerance, there's no grace time. So if Ben isn't seated at the chessboard when the games are supposed to start, then John can claim the victory!
After the walkover, the player who doesn't show up gets zero points while his opponent gets a full point.
However, the ratings of either of the players aren't affected. Nobody gains rating points, nor do they lose it.
Higher-rated players often give walkovers in the last round when they're unwilling to play a weaker opponent so that they can 'protect their rating'.
The higher-rated players know that they don't have much to win and everything to lose when they're playing a lower-rated opponent. Because the risk-reward equation is less, they rationalize their decision not to play. It's unsportsmanlike but, unfortunately, occurs in tournaments.
Some reasons are beyond one's control.
For example: In the 2019 World Junior Championship, 2 Iranian players - Alireza Firoujza and Amin Tabatabai, gave a walkover to an Israeli player. It turns out that the government of Iran players banned its players from competing against their Israeli counterparts, hence forcing the Iranian players to abandon the match!
One can't do much in such situations.
The walkover results are denoted by
- signs as below:
+:- (meaning White wins the game because Black didn't show up.)
-:+ (meaning Black wins the game because White didn't show up.)
-:- (meaning both players lost because none of them showed up.)
Yes, the third and last result is actually possible!
Now that we've covered the basics of a walkover, let us show you how to put it in the ChessManager pairing software. This is important to know for a chess arbiter.
We've created a mock tournament (with players like Magnus Carlsen, Hikaru Nakamura, Garry Kasparov!) to walk you through this process!
Select the board where there was a walkover. Let's take the game between Garry Kasparov and Maxime Vachier Lagrave for this example.
A pop-up like the one given below would appear on your screen.
Now, enter the right result.
Let's consider MVL couldn't show up and therefore, Kasparov got a walkover. So what should the final result look like?
Since Kasparov (White) has won, put the walkover result as
+:-. And voila, you're done!
Once again, remember that a walkover is treated differently than a White win (
1:0) or a Black win (
The walkover rule ceases to exist when your opponent shows up to the game and plays his first move. After their move, the game has officially started. To win, you either need to:
Since they're absent, you technically can't checkmate or force them to resign. So you'll have to wait for their time to run out before you can claim victory.
But look at the bright side, the reward for your patience will not only be a victory but also include rating points 🙂
Walkovers happen and will continue to happen all the time in a chess tournament. As a chess player, it's fun to win a full point without playing a move.
For a chess arbiter, knowing how to correctly put the walkover result in the system is important. And the right tournament software can save you tons of time through this whole process!
Our chess pairing software can help you do that! Try it now for free!
Instant access. No credit card required.
Ranveer Mohite is a professional chess player from India with an impressive ELO rating of 2277. He's also a contributing author here at ChessManager where he expresses his passion for the game.