Question 1

Buchholz (BH):

It is calculated by adding, for each round, a value given by multiplying the final score of the opponents by the points scored against them.

The number of points achieved against all participants who have scored at least 50% of the maximum possible tournament score.

The sum of the scores of each of the opponents of a participant.

After each round a participant has a certain tournament score. This tie-break is calculated adding the score of the participant at the end of each round.

Question 2

Koya System (KS):

The sum of the scores of each of the opponents of a participant.

Question 3

Sonneborn-Berger (SB):

The sum of the scores of each of the opponents of a participant.

Question 4

Progressive Scores (PS):

The sum of the scores of each of the opponents of a participant.

Question 5

Games one Elected to play (GE):

The number of rounds reduced by the number of full-point-byes, pairing-allocated- byes, half-point-byes, zero-point-byes or forfeit (wins or losses) that a participant had in the tournament.

The number of rounds reduced by the number of full-point-byes, pairing-allocated- byes, half-point-byes, zero-point-byes or forfeit wins that a participant had in the tournament.

The number of rounds reduced by the number of half-point-byes, zero-point-byes or forfeit losses that a participant had in the tournament.

The number of rounds reduced by the number of zero-point-byes or forfeit losses that a participant had in the tournament.

Question 6

In the robin round system it is not recommended to use:

Buchholz

Koya System

Sonneborn-Berger

Progressive Scores

Question 7

In the swiss system it is not recommended to use:

Buchholz

Koya System

Sonneborn-Berger

Progressive Scores

Question 8

Cut-1 (Cut the Least Significant Value) can be used in:

Buchholz

Koya System

Sonneborn-Berger

Progressive Scores

Fore Buchholz

Average Rating of Opponents

Games one Elected to Play

Question 9

In tournaments with pre-determined pairings, forfeit wins or losses are treated as:

game played against a dummy

regular games

draws

Question 10

Requested byes that are not followed by any available-to-play rounds are evaluated as:

game played against a dummy

regular games

draws